Hydrogen in a big box
Waste to hydrogen (W2H)
Contrary to electrolysis, this process does not require huge amounts of green electricity. Instead, it uses readily available landfill, thereby allowing 24/7 production, and also eliminating future landfill-related fugitive emissions.
Unlike normal gasification (~1500°C), the Solena process applies much higher temperatures (~4000°C), thereby avoiding toxic fly ash and other pollutants. Originally developed by NASA, years of extensive experimenting in a test facility in Pennsylvania have further perfected the technology for syngas production. The technology is now ready for prime time: the first two 21ton hydrogen/day facilities are underway in California and numerous other projects worldwide are in development.
Stork is providing the technical O&M development for operability, plus RAM (Reliability, Maintainability & Availability) analysis in the design phase alongside Fluor. We will also provide full operations and maintenance of the assets after project acceptance from Fluor.
The cities of Lancaster and Paradise will use different feedstock. Lancaster will use recycled wastepaper and Paradise will use forest floor clearing, which will also assist in lowering the potential for forest fires in the future.
For both of projects, the offtake agreements have been signed for the full 11ton/day of green hydrogen (99.99% purity) that is produced at each facility. The hydrogen will be used in new fueling stations across California by the offtake companies.
The project design is based on an availability factor of ~96% because the projects aren´t reliant upon wind or solar energy. Other main advantages based on equivalent size electrolysis are:
Lower footprint size: 3ha land versus ~600ha land (for solar)
Lower energy consumption: 25k MWh/year versus 205k MWh/year
Lower water consumption: 20k m3/year versus 57k m3/year
42K ton/year of waste avoided going to landfill, thereby also avoiding associated methane fugitive emissions in the future.